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Shaking hands, eating, or passing things with the left hand is unacceptable in many Nigerian cultures. One important trait of other Nigerian people is that they believe in reincarnation and have different names for gods, sometimes even denoting Heavenly bodies or natural powers. Functioning of public and semi-public bodies dealing with culture, as well as the main inputs in cultural infrastructure such as building of museums, theaters, establishment of libraries etc. A major assumption of the relationship between reflection and construction of knowledge is that critical reflection can trigger a deeper understanding of existing conditions . Religious belief is a significant part of the notion of the culture of any country as well as Nigerian culture and traditions. In particular, multilevel models were constructed using the mixed effects modeling procedure in Stata 14 to account for the hierarchical structure of the Nigeria DHS where data were collected in nested units .That is, women were clustered within households that were in turn clustered within the primary sampling unit. The direct sisterhood method is widely used to estimate pregnancy related maternal mortality rates in large population surveys because it produces nationally representative data, is easily included in multipurpose surveys and it generates a current estimate [18–20]. Both adult men and young people in this community are involved in tapping wine, ‘At the age of 12–24 years, some young people are already skilled and can tap wine from the palm tree’ (AM3). It is the most populous country of Africa (the population estimated at 110 million in 1990), and potentially one of the richest. PMB 2823 Lagos Implementation of the SDG agenda to reduce maternal mortality needs to acknowledge the protracted nature of challenges facing women in poor and resource-constrained parts of Nigeria and the importance of engaging all levels across the socioecological system in marshalling resources, long-term support and implementing strategies which ensures that by 2030, each woman has an improved lifetime risk of maternal mortality and a better status in life. Asiyanbola AR. However, the aim of our study is not to examine causal effects but to provide suggestions for potential correlations that can be further assessed using cohort studies. 2 Idowu Taylor St. Victoria Island If a dead sibling was a female of reproductive age, additional questions were asked about the period of their death relative to a pregnancy . There has been conflict between the different ethnic groups over superiority. To the best of your knowledge, which group or individuals has the primary responsibility of control of alcohol abuse among young peoplein this community? Also, Southerners often a matter of policy in the northern leaders. Nigerian cultures are very much in contact with the western cultural production and mass media, while the information on Nigerian cultures are very scarce in the West. Ondo State, University of Ibadan Library This is also an important political issue, as the Nigerian federalism tried to put together the achievements of the modern democratic West European state and the local cultural traditions. If such positive practices are improved upon and adopted by all the communities in the area of study, they will be more likely to yield more positive result in such areas. Hence, if sociocultural factors are unequally distributed among our study population, not adjusting for effect of age could potentially lead to erroneous estimates. Participants were given numbers for identification. Nigerian in 2010 had a total alcohol per capita (15+) consumption of 23.1 litres of pure alcohol among male and female drinkers . The local cultural milieu of Nigeria is extremely diversified, and depends not only on the ethnic cultural values and habits, but also on religious habits and obligations. In some families, when the adults are taking alcohol, they prevent their children and wards from taking it alongside with them. Such cultural practices like parents being the ones that initiated their young ones into drinking were noted to hinder control of alcohol abuse. Selected participants were from nine out of the 38 villages in Enugu Ezike. Validation, Several studies highlight women’s socioeconomic status as predictors of poor maternal health [9,10,14]. Data Availability: Data are from the Demographic and Health Surveys, datasets are available from: http://dhsprogram.com/data/available-datasets.cfm. Technical and technological reasons should be added as these enabled a very fast proliferation of radio and TV stations in Nigeria during the last about thirty years. ‘They induce vomiting so as to continue drinking when they are saturated while drinks are available’ (Y9). TV transmission began in Western Nigeria in 1559, and a year later the Eastern Nigeria TV Service and Radio TV Kaduna Service were established. The poor distribution networks operated mostly by strangers and dependent on Indian and American production do not support the production of domestic films. Palm wine is an essential provision for ceremonies such as marriage ceremonies. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Harms from drinking may also impose significant social and economic costs on society . For example, of all the poor households identified in the sample, the North West region had the largest proportion at 54.6% including the largest proportion of all the communities with low levels of community women’s education. NATIONAL IDENTITY; Nigeria still struggles with having a national identity due to her differences. People drink and threaten to kill one another when they get drunk particularly the young ones. cultural issues about doing business in nigeria: case study for thurmo oy. Citation: Ariyo O, Ozodiegwu ID, Doctor HV (2017) The influence of the social and cultural environment on maternal mortality in Nigeria: Evidence from the 2013 demographic and health survey. In many societies, men are expected to drink, and the ability to drink large quantities may be considered ‘macho’ . There is a need for well established documentation on cultural heritage, as well as a need for a well organized service for its restoration and preservation. The promotion and development of culture is the exclusive responsibility of each Nigerian state, although the Federal Government finances and offers administrative support for culture to each state. Drinking is very common during festivals and ceremonies such as Christmas celebration, traditional festivals like ‘Omaba’ festivals (masquerade festival), marriage and funeral ceremonies. State or provincial authorities have all established State Art Councils set up by law. What roles do each play in the control of alcohol consumption. How common is taking of alcohol by young people in this community? are mainly covered from the federal budget. Film production seems to be the least developed among the Nigerian mass communications industries. Victoria Island Table 5 also presents the multi-level regression results for the empty model (Model 0), the individual-level (Model 1) and the full Model 2 (with community-level variables). The world oil crisis, poor agricultural development, and internal civil war are usually cited as the main reasons for such an economic decline. Spending for culture depends on the interests and possibilities of the large public, particularly in the case of pop music, smaller performing groups, artisans, etc. Some authors claim that the restructuring of the film industry through the nationalization of film production and distribution would be welcome. All focus group discussions were conducted in February 2016 by three research assistants who were postgraduate students in the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and who were indigenes of Enugu Ezike and can understand and speak the dialect of the participants. The National Council for Arts and Culture encourages and develops all aspects of Nigerian cultures and interacts with private or public organizations. All of these tribes / ethnic groups mentioned are the cultural attributes that are similar in practice or emergency different from each other. In all three groups, inclusion criteria were: Willingness to voluntarily participate in the focus group; being an indigene of Enugu Ezike who has lived in Enugu Ezike for at least 10 years and living in Enugu Ezike at the time of the study. 12. Pan-African festivals offer an occasion for over-all presentation of arts and crafts, and the Nigerian government has hosted such manifestations (e.g. Multilevel logistic regression results are presented in Table 5. However, Nigeria has three major ethnic groups, namely, Yoruba, Hausa-Fulani and Igbo.