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The Real Story Behind the World’s First Hybrid Car. Parallel Hybrid: This is the most common type of hybrid. In a series hybrid, the electric motor is the only means of providing power to the wheels. For roughly $10K more, the 2021 Rav4 Prime plug-in hybrid is EPA-rated at 94 mpge and 42 miles of pure electric range. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. The decision to buy a hybrid car should not be taken lightly, as they have good and bad qualities just like anything else. In a parallel hybrid vehicle an electric motor and an internal combustion engine are coupled such that they can power the vehicle either individually or together. America is slowly shifting away from gasoline-gulping vehicles toward electric vehicles (EVs), and the key transitional link between the eras is hybrid technology. No range anxiety: One of the primary reasons consumers avoid electric vehicles is the fear the car will die and leave its occupants stranded. For example, Toyota only recently drastically expanded its Prius audience by introducing an all-wheel drive option. Parallel hybrids and series hybrids represent opposite ends of the spectrum and there are several key differences between these two types of hybrid drivetrains. The Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid Blue is EPA-rated at 57/59/58 mpg. 2020 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid (45 highway/51 city/47 combined): The four-door Sonata sedan recently entered a new generation with dramatic proportions, sharp looks, and luxurious tech. Series Hybrid: Think of a series hybrid as an electric vehicle with a gas-powered generator attached. More capable and efficient mild hybrids with 48-volt battery packs have recently proliferated throughout the industry. Batteries die: Until batteries can be efficiently and cost-effectively recycled, there will be concern about how to dispose of millions of large dead battery packs. Unfortunately, this means the buyer has less flexibility in choosing the trims and features he or she wants. Let’s break it down into simple terms. Plug-in hybrid technology has been applied to pedestrian vehicles such as the now-dead-but-still-great Chevrolet Volt, as well as performance-minded hypercars such as the McLaren P1. Series Hybrid: Think of a series hybrid as an electric vehicle with a gas-powered generator attached. Plug-in hybrids require a plug: For a variety of reasons such as apartment rules, some people are unable to install home plug-in systems for easy charging. If history had been just a little more kind, America's HOV lanes would look a lot more stylish. Its performance isn’t supercar strong, but its plush interior and comfortably composed ride make it a private haven. Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Sport Turismo (48 mpge, 14 miles electric range): It’s a $200,000 hybrid wagon that makes a combined 677 horsepower. Everybody knows the Prius because nothing else looks like it. Series (Extended-Range) Hybrid A series hybrid is like a battery electric vehicle (BEV) in design. The Different Types of Hybrid Cars Prev NEXT The new luxurious Fisker Karma is a series plug-in hybrid. You've come to the right place. By storing more energy, a PHEV can drive using 100 percent electric propulsion, though the amount of pure-electric range is still limited to relatively short trips around town. “Best” is subjective, based on the budget, desires, and priorities of the buyer, but here are some of the objectively solid hybrid offerings on the market today. On parallel hybrids, both the battery-fed electric motor and gas engine have direct connections to the drive wheels through a coupling mechanism such as a transmission. Parallel hybrids can have one, two, or three electric motors, depending on the vehicle. Whereas the i3 is a highly advanced city car, the i8 fills a small niche as a luxury plug-in hybrid sports car with other-wordly looks. For electric driving the clutch between the internal combustion engine is open while the clutch to the gear box is engaged. 2020 Acura NSX (21/22/21 mpg): The new NSX might not be naturally aspirated like its predecessor, but it’s an underrated and overlooked machine that will forever live in history as one of the first legitimate hybrid supercars. MPGe, which is used to measure the “fuel economy” of hybrid and electric vehicles, stands for miles per gallon equivalent. 2020 Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid (82 mpge combined, 32 miles electric range): The hybrid Pacifica could end up being one of the most complete family vehicles ever offered. According to the United States Department of Energy, 33.70kWh of electricity has 100 percent of the energy of one gallon of gasoline. The Ultimate Electric Vehicle Glossary: Every Term You Need to Know. With no direct connection to the drive wheels, the gas engine recharges the battery while the electric motor(s) handles the propulsion. 2020 Toyota Prius + Toyota Corolla Hybrid (54/50/52 mpg): The core four-door Prius hatchback is complemented by the Prius Prime plug-in hybrid and the new discreet four-door Corolla Hybrid sedan, which uses Prius technology to achieve 53/52/52 mpg. Most commonly the internal combustion engine, the electric motor and gear box are coupled by automatically controlled clutches. 2020 Lexus LC 500h (27/35/30 mpg): Touting one of the most beautiful design executions in recent memory, the LC is a nearly perfect luxury grand tourer. How Honda Is Making Hybrid Cars Lighter, Faster, and Normal. What exactly is a kilowatt-hour? Read more. Send us a note: firstname.lastname@example.org. 2020 Hyundai Ioniq Family (55/54/55 mpg): Hyundai has developed the four-door Ioniq hatchback into a hybrid, a plug-in hybrid, and an electric vehicle with up to 170 miles of range. Parallel hybrid systems have both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that can both individually drive the car or both coupled up jointly giving drive. The Drive and its partners may earn a commission if you purchase a product through one of our links. The generative energy torque from the generator slows the vehicle down. Complex to wrench on: Hybrids are generally more complex and more difficult to fix than traditional combustion cars. Hybrid cars are classified according to the type of drivetrain or powertrain they feature, which determines how the engine and the motor work together to power the car. Manufacturers have been touting the advantageous fuel efficiency of hybrids throughout The Prius Era, but they have yet to be universally accepted across all consumers, and for good reasons. 2020 BMW i8 (69 mpge, 18 miles electric range): BMW produced two of the most interesting vehicles of the century when it launched the i3 and i8 programs. When the brake pedal is pressed on hybrid and electric vehicles, the electric motor turns into a generator, and the wheels transfer the energy from the drivetrain to the generator.
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